By the end of group 2: hopping and frolicking. Catch a (large) ball with two hands
By the end of group 2: cycling without side wheels ; drawing between the lines with pencils.
By the end of group 3: hopping on a hopscotch track; hand writing in joined letters; writing between the lines
By the end of group 3: swimming
By the end of group 4: rope-skipping; writing in a flowing movement
From group 5 onward : further improvement of acquired skills like ball games etc.
Hand writing problems
Problems in hand writing skills (pressing hard or being unable to write between the line or write in a flowing movement) can have many causes. Often there is a combination of different factors.
Swimming requires very complex motor skills. You may notice that it takes a longer time for your child to pass his swimming exam compared to his peers. Children often find it hard to close their arms or legs simultaneously or to float or have not enough endurance to finish a lane.